Internet a moderní technologie umožňují poskytovat občanům nespočet elektronických služeb. Prostřednictvím soutěže Chytrá radnice mohou města a obce představit moderní chytrá technologická řešení, která v oblasti veřejné správy a samosprávy využívají. Přihlášené projekty budou vyhodnoceny a nejlepší oceněny.
Dnešní města a obce se musí vyrovnávat s důsledky technologického rozvoje a socioekonomického vývoje. Dotýkají se správy a řízení města, poskytování služeb občanům, ale i řízení dopravy, odpadového
a energetického hospodářství či ochrany životního prostředí.
Koncept Chytré město, Smart City, který stále rychleji nachází své nezaměnitelné místo i v českých městech, je proto jen přirozenou reakcí
na měnící se lidské potřeby. K rozvoji infrastruktury, zlepšování služeb
a zvyšování kvality života využívá lidského, ekonomického a zejména technologického potenciálu současnosti.
Staňte se inspirací pro ostatní!
The faculty Board did not react to an ask for comment on the Yale announcement
The faculty Board did not react to an ask for comment on the Yale announcement
Dropping the SAT Essay
Yale follows Harvard in ending requirement that students complete writing part of SAT or ACT. University of north park makes move that is similar leaving only 25 colleges using the requirement. More colleges go test optional.
Yale University week that is last counselors who work with high school students that the university will no further require applicants to perform the SAT essay or even the ACT writing test.
A memo Yale provided for counselors said the university wished to result in the application process easier on people who use the SAT or ACT during school hours. Those administrations frequently try not to give students time for the writing test, so students had to register for the test another time and energy to complete the writing test.
The move comes 3 months after Harvard University announced it was making the essay that is SAT ACT writing test optional. Harvard's announcement noted that its applicants submit essays as part of their applications, so writing remains a crucial area of the application process.
Although the moves by institutions such as Harvard and Yale capture attention, they reflect a far more disinclination that is general of leaders toward the writing tests regarding the SAT and ACT. The Princeton Review, which tracks how many colleges require the test, now identifies only 25 institutions which do so. People with already dropped the necessity include Columbia and Cornell Universities, the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, as well as the University of Pennsylvania.
The University of San Diego also recently announced it would no longer require the SAT essay or ACT writing test. Stephen Pultz, assistant vice president for enrollment management at north park, said via email that "we decided the writing sections are not reliable measures for placement purposes, which is how exactly we originally envisioned their use. We’ve had better success making use of the other chapters of the exams, Advanced Placement exams, and school that is high and grades."
The school Board first started offering an essay in the SAT in 2005. But many writing experts were highly critical for the format, noting among other things that it would not judge whether statements were factually correct. Les Perelman, an MIT writing professor, famously coached students on the best way to write ludicrous essays that would receive scores that are high.
In 2014, the school Board announced revisions towards the SAT
With substantial changes to the essay, including the utilization of writing passages to force test takers to cite evidence for opinions inside their essays.
Generally, critics associated with first version of the writing test agreed that the version that is new better, however some continued to question whether the writing test had enough value to justify leading students to prepare for and go on it. Some advocates for the essay hoped the changes would lead more colleges to rely on it within the admissions process. But the news from Harvard and Yale, as well as the not enough desire for adding the writing test as a requirement, shows that this is simply not happening.
On its blog, Princeton Review said after Harvard's decision that the essays should be eliminated from the SAT and ACT. While they are theoretically optional, many students feel pressure to do my essay take them (and prepare for them), despite the fact that an extremely small amount of colleges actually make use of the scores.
"While over 70 percent of students taking the SAT and more than 50 percent taking the ACT opt in to the essay, not really 2 percent of colleges require an essay score," the blog post says. "Students and taxpayers are sending tens of huge amount of money into the College Board’s and ACT’s coffers and don’t appear to be getting anything out of it apart from yet another source of anxiety with regards to college applications. It is time for the SAT and ACT essays to go."
While Yale still requires applicants to take either the SAT or ACT for the nonwriting components of the exams, more colleges continue steadily to announce they are going test optional. On the list of colleges in recent weeks announcing these policies are Concordia University (St. Paul), Prescott College and Rider University.
Just Just Take Your Efficiency To Another known level With Pomodoro. Quick Guide
Just Just Take Your Efficiency To Another known level With Pomodoro. Quick Guide
Every pupil faces a well-known dilemma of constantly getting sidetracked and procrastinating – its considered one of probably the most typical pupil hurdles to concentrating on the duty at hand.
I have already been trying to find the remedy for a long time. Therefore after discovering Pomodoro, we actually think it is super-effective. It’s one of several management that is few i could actually place to good usage and thus is it possible to.
As a result of just just how effective it really is, i'm obliged to share with you it with you and demonstrate just how it may radically improve your efficiency.
Desire to discover more? We shall introduce the important thing maxims with this technique, how it will also help you, tips on how to begin to use it straight away, & most notably, some tools which can help you implement this technique.
Spend close awareness of most of the recommendations, since it is really a life-changer!
Principles Of This Pomodoro Method
This process was created within the 1980s by Francesco Cirillo. The theory happened to him as he utilized a timer that is tomato-shaped monitor their work while their studies at college.
This technique isn't any rocket technology. Here you will find the a few steps associated with technique:
Plan and describe the tasks you must work with;
Set your timer to 25 mins and begin taking care of the job before the timer goes down;
Simply just Take a brief break that is 5-minute
Maintain doing all your company for the next 25 moments;
After finishing four 25-minute work sessions, have a break that is 25-minute.
Does sound that is n’t difficult, does it? Now let’s arrive at the nitty-gritty.
Step One: Preparation
Prior to starting doing any such thing, have actually all your tasks planned – establishing what you should understand and establishing priorities to your tasks can definitely change lives to your efficiency.
Jot down a summary of things you must do. It may be either done on an item of paper or perhaps in a planner. The savvier ones like to work with a to-do software but no matter which way you decide to do this as your absolute goal would be to attempt to your self everything you need to get done.
From then on, you prioritise your tasks. It involves handling all of the tasks and determining by which purchase they should be approached.
Prioritising Your Tasks
This means that you don’t waste time in less important tasks, and rather concentrate on the urgent and crucial people. Think about the information that is following
Value: the way the whole project is weighted
Just exactly just What would take place in the event that you conclude or fail to perform that task?
Just exactly exactly How time that is much needed to repeat this task?
The aforementioned assessment should assist you to find out whether a task that is particular has to be achieved. Following this, you are going to set priorities to your things you have to do.
Attempt to take a look at the urgent/important matrix. After categorising each task as important/urgent/unimportant/not urgent, you may be then able to place the tasks so as relative to the sequence that is following
Urgent and important;
Crucial not urgent;
Urgent however crucial;
Perhaps Not urgent rather than essential.
exactly What else to consider? You are not in a position to set priority to each one, try accounting for how urgent each task is, or how much time would be required to accomplish them if you happen to have several tasks in the same category, and. This would allow you to handle your time and effort sensibly.
Action 2: Establishing Timer To 25 Minutes And Getting Ready To Work
Now which you have a to-do list prepared, it's time to commence work. It's necessary which you focus completely regarding the task – meaning no gadgets, no networks that are social nothing distracting whatsoever.
Appears impossible now? That’s why we break up all sessions into 25-minute obstructs. This era of the time should always be quick enough you will take a short break for you to focus and give your 100%, and as soon as your attention span ends.
It is essential to remember that multitasking is not an idea that is good learning. Your head tasks are interrupted even in the event it really is simply a phone that is short or a note pops up in your phone. Your focus is lost and can need to be re-established to have back again to work that is productive.
Just How To Get Ready For Your Work Session?
Turn off your network that is wireless if task doesn't require online research
Place your phone on quiet with vibration off
Place any interruptions away (also your planner)
Prepare all you need to begin your present task
Professional tip: adjust enough time period prior to your attention that is personal period
While 25-minute work sessions work completely for many people, some will dsicover them too brief or a long time because everybody works in different ways, and everyone else has yet another attention period.
The Pomodoro Method could be modified to match your means of working. Very first time you will need to set the timer to 25 mins and find out the way you fare.
It easy to concentrate the whole way through, try adding a bit more time to get more done and see how long you can focus for if you find. How come you'll want to figure this out? Every individual has their very own working style, and also by finding just how long you can easily focus for, you'll increase your productivity.
Step Three: Get Working
During each Pomodoro session concentrate on one task just. Multitasking won’t be useful in many cases.
Make sure that you will do make use of a timer. It motivates you by producing a feeling of urgency to focus on a particular task, making your head believe that it requires to be finished within a limited time period. I am going to suggest some apps that are useful the finish.
The important thing to a effective session is avoiding all distractions. No other tasks or work should hinder your attention to this 1 particular task, therefore if you occur to think about a brand new task throughout the session, compose it straight down for a post-it note and fit it into the plan later on, during an extended break.
Step Four: Taking A Quick Break
You will need breaks! After each and every session, you could just take a brief break for five full minutes to regain your focus when it comes to next session.
I’ve heard that some learning pupils battle to get back to work completely after some slack. This issue is fixed by changing the things you will do through the break.
You can easily:
Take in some water
Acquire some light treats
Near your eyes and invest some time to sleep
All of these things need no more than five full minutes. It doesn't appear tough to stop doing those plain things and having straight right back on the right track.
To the contrary, when you begin utilizing your devices and happening social networking sites throughout the break, you shall find it difficult to quit doing that after the break finishes. Maybe your buddy penned a note. Or perhaps you discovered a fascinating article – you will definitely nevertheless be doing those activities following the break without also realising that you're procrastinating.
Step 5: Perform
Then the session is repeated by you. You may possibly well require work that is multiple to perform solitary tasks since many of the projects won't be finished within 25 moments.
Through the preparation phase it is possible to set a target on your own as to exactly how numerous Pomodoro durations you will need to accomplish each task. How exactly does it work? As an example, if you’re studying for a technology test, you possibly can make an inventory just like the one below by evaluating exactly just how hard each chapter is and exactly how familiar you might be with every subject.
Chapter 1: 2 work sessions
Chapter 2: 4 work sessions
Chapter 3: 3 work sessions
In this instance, attempt to work with each chapter without using a break that is long. What’s next? After doing the initial two sessions, do enable your self an extended break to reset the human brain for a topic that is new. Chapter 2 would include four sessions without any long breaks in between.
Step 6: The break that is longat final!)
After about four standard sessions, you have got struggled to obtain very nearly couple of hours. Now will be a ideal time for you to simply just take an extended break to recharge the mind. Even here make an effort to opt for tasks which have a predictable period and wouldn't normally set you back time that is much.
It is possible to make use of this right time for you to review your progress and check if you’re on the right track.
Advantages Of The Pomodoro Method
It really is obvious to see that this administration technique is super effective in encouraging both you and assisting you to over come procrastination. We shall describe a few of the benefits below.
1. The Pomodoro technique motivates you to definitely start work with the beginning
The key reason why a lot of us procrastinate is simply because we now have an aversion to tasks that are difficult constantly attempt to postpone them.
Whenever we’re approaching a crucial evaluation, we subconsciously perceive it as incredibly hard, and over and over inform ourselves the way the preparation because of it will likely be endless.
This really thought gets us stressed, so we like to procrastinate rather than learning.
Pomodoro Method, however, redefines your tasks. Studying for the exam is not any longer only one massive amount of work that has to be done.
This amount is rather broken on to approachable, actionable sessions. The tasks are more concrete, certain, and above all, much more worthwhile as you may have brief breaks to look ahead to after each and every session.
Consequently, you might be more likely to get going with work and when you will do produce a begin, working no further appears impossible.
2. Better management and preparation of the time
You’re most likely familiar with just how simple it really is to underestimate the total amount of time you will need for every single task. The Pomodoro Method, but, changes your conception of the time.
As opposed to very approximate estimations of the time necessary for each task, you now determine each task with regards to little time blocks.
This encourages you to definitely work productively and finish each task inside the prepared time period.
3. Understand your efficiency
Utilizing the Pomodoro Method you can easily monitor your usage of some time observe how numerous sessions you can feasibly do during the period of 1 day.
How else does it are available handy? It will likewise assist you to realise what time of this time you undertake many tasks, to help you then better utilise your many effective work hours.
Pomodoro additionally can help you know the way much commitment you require the most for every single specific task.
4. Avoiding exhaustion
The Pomodoro time administration technique additionally can help you avoid weakness. If you don't make use of a timer, you not merely have a tendency to effortlessly get sidetracked, you can easily waste never ending hours working ineffectively.
What makes small and long breaks crucial? Why should not you merely do all of the work on when? By presenting a decent wide range of breaks in between your sessions, you remain refreshed and motivated to operate the whole time.
Tips For Time Management Apps
There are lots of cool apps that produce utilization of the Pomodoro Method, but below are a few of the greatest people, I think:
Tomatoid - this is certainly a good example of an internet application that includes a clear timer and documents a listing of tasks you've got finished.
Focus Keeper - my app that is preferred and user-friendly. It boasts a log of one's efficiency and you will also see charts that are analytical and you may additionally modify the noise and timer for every work session.
Tide - in the event that you perform better with a few vocals, it's your go-to application.
Android os apps
ClearFocus - great functionality, clean user interface and also this is another great application that enables you to definitely track and log your efficiency.
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Forest - additionally a nice application enabling to modify time for every single work session. It visualizes your projects as a seed growing as a tree. Getting sidetracked by the device and leaving the app prior to the tree will be killed by the session ends. This will allow you to stay dedicated to the duty.